Joseph B. Casagrande:

An Inventory of the Joseph B. Casagrande Papers at the University of Illinois Archives.

Overview of the Collection

Creator: Joseph B. Casagrande
Title: Joseph B. Casagrande Papers
Dates: 1938-82
Abstract: Papers of Joseph B. Casagrande (1915-82), professor of anthropology (1960-82), department head (1960-67), and director of the Center for International Comparative Studies (1968- ) and Campus Research Services Office (1979- ), including correspondence, manuscripts, microfilmed and photocopied documents, publications, field notes and diaries, professional associations; Graduate College; the Department of Anthropology; Social Science Research Council; national Science Foundation site visits; the teaching, research methodology, and history of anthropology; language and linguistics; research among the Highland Indians of Ecuador, at the Archivo Nacional de los Indias at Seville, and among the Chippewa and Comanche Indians and psycholinguistics.
Volume: 43.2 cubic feet.
Record Series Number: 15/2/22

Biographical or Historical Notes

Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, Joseph B. Casagrande (1915-1982) was prominent in the post-World War II development of anthropology as a field of knowledge distinct from sociology. At the University of Illinois, with colleagues Julian Steward, Oscar Lewis, and Kenneth L. Hale, Casagrande established in 1959 the Anthropology department, where he served as head between 1960 and 1967. Casagrande was also an elected member and officer of learned societies and national committees, including the Social Science Research Council, the American Anthropological Association, the American Ethnological Society, and the Royal Anthropological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Well known for his language and psycholinguistics studies, Casagrande (B.A. 1938, Wisconsin; Ph.D. 1951, Columbia) conducted extensive research on Native American Indian societies (Chippewa and Comanche) of North America and, particularly, among Indian communities in the Ecuadorian highlands.


Editor, In the Company of Man: Twenty Portraits by Anthropologists(New York, 1960).

Related Sources

Who was Who, vol. 8: 1982-85 (Chicago, 1985, p. 71).

Collected folk tales in, Barnouw, Victor. Wisconsin Chippewa Myths and Tales(Madison, WI, 1977).

List of primary contributions, Fifth International Directory of Anthropologists, p. 61

42-page Finding Aid.

CURRICULUM VITAE for Joseph B. Casagrande, November 1982

Born: Cincinnati, Ohio, February 14, 1915


A. B. with Highest Honors, University of Wisconsin, 1938

Ph.D., Anthropology, Columbia University, 1951

Honors and Fellowships

Phi Beta Kappa, 1937

Wisconsin Scholar, 1938-39

Demobilization Award, Social Science Research Council, 1946-47 and 1948-49

Guggenheim Fellowship, 1966-67 (declined)

Military Service

Army of the United States, 1942-46, Europe and North Africa, 1st Lt.


Instructor in Anthropology, Queens College, N.Y., summer 1949.

Staff Secretary, XXIX International Congress of Americanists, New York, N.Y., 1948-49 (part time).

Staff Member, Social Science Research Council, Washington, D.C., and New York, N.Y., 1950-60.

Lecturer and Adjunct Associate Professor, The American University, Washington, D.C., 1953-57.

Professor (1960- ) and Head (1960-67) Department of Anthropology; Director (1968- ) Center for International Comparative Studies; Associate Director (1975- ) Office of International Programs and Studies; Director (1979- ), Campus Research Services Office – all at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Field Work

Comanche Indians, Oklahoma, 1940 (summer) Ojibwa, Wisconsin, 1941.

Navaho Indians, Arizona, 1955, 1956 (summers).

Ecuador, various groups, summers 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965. (As field supervisor for Columbia-Cornell-Harvard-Illinois Summer Field Training Program in Social Anthropology); 1966-67, summers 1968, 1969, 1973-75 and 1977-78.

Archival research in Ecuador and Spain, 1970-71, on the position of the Indian in Ecuador from the colonial period to the present.

Memberships and Office in Learned Societies

American Anthropological Association, Fellow, Member of the Executive Board (1960-63), President Elect, 1971-72, President, 1972-73.

Anthropological Society of Washington, Secretary (1954-57).

American Ethnological Society, Vice-President and President, 1962-64.

Fellow, Royal Anthropological Society of Great Britain and Ireland.

Member, Latin American Studies Association, Alternate Member of Executive Council, 1969.

Vice-President and President, University of Illinois chapter, Phi Kappa Phi (1975-77).

Fellow, Society for Applied Anthropology.

Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science.

National Committee Memberships

Member, Behavioral Sciences Fellowship Committee, National Institutes of Health, 1960-62.

Member, Advisory Panel in Anthropology, National Science Foundation, 1962-64.

Member, Behavioral Sciences Study Section, National Institutes of Health, 1964-69.

Member, Advisory Committee for the Social Sciences, National Science Foundation, 1966.

Director, Social Science Research Council, 1963-65.

Member-at-large, Division of Behavioral Sciences, National Academy of Science – National Research Council, 1969-71.

Member, Joint ACLS-SSRC Committee on the Foreign Area Fellowship Program, 1969-73.

Member, Executive Committee and Board of Directors, Human Relations Area Files, New Haven, Conn., 1960- .


National Science Foundation, 1966-69, for a comparative study of six Indian communities in Highland Ecuador.

National Science Foundation, 1970-73 for an ethnohistorical study of the position of the Indian in Ecuador from colonial times to the present.

National Institute of Mental Health, 1974-75, ecological and ethnohistorical research in Ecuador.

National Endowment for the Humanities, 1976, Director of Summer Seminar, for College Teachers on "Anthropological Perspectives on the Nature of Man and Culture."

Principal Committees, University of Illinois (an asterisk indicates prior or current service as chairman)

Executive Committee, Graduate College (elective), three terms.

Executive Committee, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences (elective).

*Divisional Committee on the Social Sciences.

*Library Committee.

*Woodrow Wilson Fellowship Committee.

*University Fellowship Committee.

Steering Committee, Center for Advanced Study.

*Graduate College Committee on Staff.

*Committee on the Reorganization of the Social Sciences.

College on the Reorganization of the Social Sciences.

College Committee on Plans and Programs.

Also served as both chairman and member of a number of search committees to nominate persons for appointment as departmental and college executive officers.

Current Service

Executive Committee, Office of International Programs and Studies.

*Promotion and Tenure Committee, School of Social Sciences.

Executive Committee, Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies.

*Publications Committee, University of Illinois Studies in Anthropology.

Member, Graduate College Research Board.



"Comanche Baby Language," International Journal of American Linguistics, Vol. 14, pp. 11-14. (Reprinted in Language in Culture and Society, Dell Hymes, Ed. New York: Harper and Row, 1964, pp. 245-50.


Book Review: Social Structure: Studies Presented to A. R. Radcliffe-Brown (Meyer Fortes, Ed.), American Anthropologist 53:383.

Book Review: Social Anthropology by J. S. Slotkin. American Anthropologist 53:245-46.


With Elbridge Sibley, "Fellows of the Social Science Research Council: Some Statistics," SRRC Items 6:13-17.

"Ojibwa Bear Ceremonialism: The Persistence of a Ritual Attitude." In Acculturation in the Americas, Proceedings and Selected Papers of the XXIX International Congress of Americanists, Sol Tax, Ed., Univ. of Chicago Press, pp. 113-17.


With M. Brewster Smith, "The Cross-Cultural Education Projects: A Progress Report," SRRC Items 7:26-32.

With Elbridge Sibley, "Area Research Training Fellowships and Travel Grants: An Epilogue," SRRC Items 7:37-42.


"Comanche Linguistic Acculturation: I," International Journal of American Linguistics20:140-51.

"Comanche Linguistic Acculturation: II," International Journal of American Linguistics20:217-37.

"The Ends of Translation," International Journal of American Linguistics 20:335-40.

Book Review: Group Relations at the Crossroads (Muzafer Sherif and M. O. Wilson, Eds.), The Annals 293:185.

Book Review: Theory and Method in the Social Sciences by Arnold Rose. The Annals 296:185-86.

Book Review: Culture Change: An Analysis and Bibliography of Anthropological Sources by Felix M. Kessing. American Anthropologist 56:1138-40.


"Comanche Linguistic Acculturation: III," International Journal of American Linguistics 21:8-25.

"John Mink: Ojibwa Informant," Wisconsin Archaeologist 26:106-128.

Book Review: Becoming by Gordon W. Allport. The Annals 302:171.


"The Psychic World of the Ojibwa Indians," Tomorrow 4:33-40.

Editor (with Thomas Gladwin), Some Uses of Anthropology: Theoretical and Applied (papers presented to the Anthropological Society of Washington, 1954-55), Washington, D.C.

Book Review: Language and Society by Joseph Bram. American Anthropologist 58:211.

Book Review: Learning Across Culturesby Jeanne Watson and Ronald Lippitt. Science, No. 8356.

"The Southwest Project in Comparative Psycholinguistics: A Progress Report," SRRC Items 10:41-45.


With John B. Carroll, "The Function of Language Classifications in Behavior." In Readings in Social Psychology, Third Ed., Eleanor E. Maccoby, Theodore M. Newcomb, and Eugene L. Hartley, Eds. New York: Henry Holt & Co., pp. 18-31. (Reprinted in Communication and Culture, Alfred G. Smith, Ed. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1966.)


"Some Observations on the Study of Intermediate Societies." In Intermediate Societies, Social Mobility, and Communication, Proceedings of the 1959 Annual Spring Meeting of the American Ethnological Society, Verne F. Ray, Ed., University of Washington Press, Seattle, pp. 1-10.

Book Review: Comanche Texts by Eliott Canonge. Journal of American Folklore 72:194-95.


Editor, In the Company of Man: Twenty Portraits by Anthropologists. New York: Harper & Co., 540 pp. (Also published as a paperback, In the Company of Man: Twenty Portraits of Anthropological Informants, Harper Torchbooks, The University Library, Harper & Row, New York, 1964. Published in Italian as La ricera anthropologica: Venti studi sulle societa primitive, 2 vols., Giulio Einaudi Editore, Torino, 1966.

"The Southwest Project in Comparative Psycholinguistics: A Preliminary Report." In selected Papers of the Fifth International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Philadelphia, September 1-9, 1956, Men and Cultures, edited under the Chairmanship of Anthony F. C. Wallace, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, pp. 777-82.

Book Review: Bilingualism in the Americas: A Bibliography and Research Guide by Einar Haugen. American Anthropologist 62:180-81.


Book Review: Human Organization Research: Field Relations and Techniques by Richard N. Adams and Jack J. Preiss. American Anthropologist 63:1348-51.

Book Review: Worker in the Cane: A Puerto Rican Life History by Sidney W. Mintz and Beyond the Mountains of the Moon: The Lives of Four Africans by Edward H. Winter. American Anthropologist 63:1354-60.


With Herbert Landar. "Navaho Anatomical Reference," Ethnology, Vol. 1, pp. 370-73.


"The Relations of Anthropology with the Social Sciences." In The Teaching of Anthropology, David G. Mandelbaum, G. W. Laskar, and Ethel M. Albert, Eds., American Anthropological Association, Memoir 94, University of California Press, Berkeley, pp. 464-74.

"Language Universals in Anthropological Perspective." In Universals of Language, Joseph H. Greenberg, Ed. Cambridge Mass.: M.I.T. Press, pp. 220-35.

Book Review: Trends in Social Science (Donald P. Ray, Ed.), American Anthropologist 65:177-78.


"On 'Round Objects,' a Navaho Convert Category." In Actes du VIe Congress International des Sciences Anthropologiques et Ethnologiques (Paris 1960), Tome II (2 e volume), Paris, pp. 49-54.

With Stephen I. Thompson and Philip D. Young, "Colonization as a Research Frontier: The Ecuadorian Case." In Process and Pattern in Culture: Essays in Honor of Julian H. Steward, R. A. Manners, Ed. Chicago: Adline Publishing Co., pp. 281-335.

"Cultural Accumulation," "Cultural Alternative," "Cultural Specialty," and "Cultural Universal." In A Dictionary of the Social Sciences, Julius Gold and W. L. Kolb, Eds. New York: The Free Press of Glencoe, New York.


"Betty Warren Starr 1906-1964," Obituary, American Anthropologist 68:128-31.


With Kenneth Hale, "Semantic Relationships in Papago Folk-Definitions." In Studies of Southwestern Ethnolinguistics, Dell H. Hymes and William E. Bittle, Eds. The Hague-Paris: pp. 165-93.


With Arthur R. Piper, "La transformacion estructural de una parroquia rural en las tierras altas del Ecuador," America Indigena (Mexico) 29:1029-64.


Book Review: The Tewa World: Space, Time, Being, and Becoming in a Pueblo Society by Alfonso Ortiz. The Annals 396:199-200.

"The Indian in Ecuadorian Society" and "Indigenous Society." In The Condor and the Bull, Peter Furst and Karen Reed, Eds. Los Angeles: Latin American Center, University of California.


"Closing Vicious Circles: An Ecological Model for Understanding Population Biology in Indian Communities of Highland Ecuador." Paper for the Symposium of Andean Kinship and Marriage, held at the 71st annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Toronto, November 29–December 3 (in press).

Book Review: Giambattista Vico: An International Symposium, Giorgio Tagliascozzo and Hayden V. White, Eds. American Anthropologist 74(1-2):11-12.


"Strategies for Survival: The Indians of Highland Ecuador." In Contemporary Cultures of Latin America, 2nd ed., Dwight B. Heath, Ed. New York: Random House and Alfred A. Knopf, pp. 93-107.


"To Be or Not to Be an Indian in Ecuador," paper presented in the Symposium on Ethnicity and Ethnic Identity, XLI International Congress of Americanists, Mexico City, September 2-7, 1974 (in press.)


With Louis B. Casagrande, "Comment" on "Social Borders: Definitions of Diversity," by Jennie-Keith Ross, Current Anthropology 16(1):63-64.


"Estrategias para sobrevivir: los indigenas de la sierra del Ecuador," America Indigena, Vol. 36, No. 1, enero-marzo, 1976. Reprinted in Temas sobre la Continuidad y Adaptacion Cultural Ecuatoriana, Marcelo F. Naranjo, Jose L. Pereira V., and Norman E. Whitten, Jr., Eds. Quito: Universidad Catolica, 1977, pp. 75-104.


"Looms of Otavalo," Natural History LXXXVI, No. 8:48-59.

"Comment" on "Likeness and Likelihood in Everyday Thought: Magical Thinking in Judgments and Personality," by Richard A. Shweder, Current Anthropology 18(4):648-49.

Contributor to Wisconsin Chippewa Myths & Tales and their Relation to Chippewa Life (Based on folk tales collected by Victor Barnouw, Joseph B. Casagrande, Ernestine Freidl, and Robert E. Ritzenthaler), Victor Barnouw, Ed. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

"Introduction" to "The Sociological Thought of Wilheim Wundt," by Alexander Goldenweiser, Journal of the Steward Anthropological Society 8:169-186.


Book Review: "The Experience of Culture: The Anthropologically Constituted World of A. I. Hallowell," Contributions to Anthropology: Selected Papers of A. I. Hallowell. Reviews in Anthropology 5:65-73.

Book Review: The View from Language: Selected Essays, 1948-1974 (by C. F. Hockett), American Anthropologist 80:711-12.

"Religious Conversion and Social Change in an Indian Community of Highland Ecuador," in Amerikanitische Studien: Festschrift fur Hermann Trimborn, Vol. I, Roswith Hartmann and Udo Oberem, Eds., Collectanea Instituti Anthropos, Vol. 20. St. Augustin: Haus Volker and Kulturen, Anthropos Institut, pp. 105-11.


Book Review: Meaning in Anthropology (Keith H. Basso and Henry A. Selby, Eds.), Man 14:566-67.


"Strategies for Survival: The Indians of Highland Ecuador." In Cultural Transformations and Ethnicity in Modern Ecuador, Norman E. Whitten, Jr., Ed. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.


"Crisis in Anthropology?" In Crisis in American Anthropology: View from Spring Hill, E. A. Hoebel, Ed. Cambridge, Mass.: The Garland Press.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Papers contain Casagrande's correspondence with Oscar Lewis and other anthropologists as well as Betty Warren Starr's field diaries on Mexico and Chile (1949-59) and a manuscript, "Field Guide for a Study of Socialization in Five Societies" (1955). A collection of field diaries by Casagrande on the Ojibway Indians (1941) and field research notes from Venezuela (1950-77), Columbia (1959-66), and Ecuador (1963-69, 1976-79) are enhanced by tape recordings (with transcriptions) of life histories made in Ecuador (1966-1970). Of special significance are Casagrande's extensive notes, photographic copies, and microfilms (34 rolls) of primary Spanish documents, and chronicles and scholarly articles on the history of Ecuador (1543-1860), Peru, and Columbia obtained from the Biblioteca Ecuatoriania in Colocollao, Ecuador, and the Archivo General de Indias (primarily from Audiencia de Quito; some from Seccion Justicia and Escribania de Camara) in Seville, Spain. A research assistant of Casagrande, Jose Rumazo, prepared a partially annotated catalog of documents on Ecuador in the Archivo General de Indias. Photographic copies and microfilms are also available of 16th-19th century hand-written and printed documents of colonial Ecuador, Peru, and Columbia from the Lilly Library at Indiana University and the British Museum. The Papers also include a set of 800 note cards made by Casagrande for an indigenous history of highland Ecuador largely based on 17th and 18th century documents in the Presidencia de Quito section of the Archivo Nacional de Historia, Quito.


By type of material and chronologically

Index Terms

The subject headings used by the University of Illinois Archives were developed by University of Illinois Archivist Maynard Brichford and University Archivist Bill Maher. They are specific to this institution

Detailed Description/Box and Folder Listing


BETTY WARREN STARR NOTES, 1949-50. Box 3 - 3







REPRINTS . Box 18 - 18

PUBLICATIONS . Box 19 - 22

RESEARCH . Box 24 - 33





STUDENT REPORTS . Box 53-54 - 53-54