Temira Pachmuss, Tatiana Manukhina, Anna Hippius, Zinaida Hippius, Dmitrii Merezhkovskii, and Vladimir Zlobin:

An Inventory of the Temira Pachmuss and Vladimir Zlobin Collection at the University of Illinois Archives.



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Zinaida Hippius Papers   Zinaida Nikolaevna Hippius (1869-1945) was born into the family of the super-procurator of the St. Petersburg Senate, and was educated mostly at home. She started out as a successful short-story writer, and later developed into one of the most significant Russian symbolist poets. She was also a first-rate literary critic and essayist, publishing under the pseudonyms Anton Krainii, Roman Arenskii, Lev Puschin, and some others. She married Dmitrii Merezhkovskii, four years her senior, in 1889. Their literary careers proceeded independently, although their political, philosophical and religious views were in unison. Hippius initiated the Religious-Philosophical Meetings in St. Petersburg (1901-1903) and the publication of a literary journal Novyi put' (1903-1905), which printed the works of symbolist writers and published the reports of the Religious-Philosophical Meetings. Among Hippius' and Merezhkovskii's closest associates at that time were Dmitrii Filosofov, Vasilii Rozanov, Nikolai Berdiaev, Aleksandr Blok, Andrei Belyi, Fiodor Sologub, Anton Kartashov, as well as Hippius' two younger sisters, Tatiana and Natalia Hippius. In 1919 Hippius and Merezhkovskii (along with their secretary V. Zlobin and D. Filosofov) left Soviet Russia via Poland. Together with Boris Savinkov they tried to organize military opposition to Bolshevism in Poland, but their attempts failed. In 1920 the Merezhkovskiis and Zlobin left Warsaw and settled in Paris, where Hippius continued her literary activities, contributing to various émigré periodicals. In 1925 Hippius published her reminiscences Zhivye litsa (Living Faces). In 1926 the Merezhkovskiis organized a literary and philosophical society, "Zelenaia Lampa" (The Green Lamp), where the discussions centered on literary, religious, and political matters. Hippius' volume of poetry Siianiia (Radiance) appeared in 1938. Her book about her husband, Dmitrii Merezhkovskii, was published posthumously in 1951.

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6 Publications
Articles and essays (bound), 1921-1926   Articles on politics, 32 bound newspaper clippings, published in émigré newspapers Obshchee delo, Svoboda,Edinstvo, etc., sometimes under pseudonyms (A. Krainii, An. Vorsilov)
1. "Tam - v Rossii. I. Dva lageria", Obshchee delo, Jan. 12, 1921
2. "Tam v Rossii" II. K sluchaiu", Ibid., Jan.13, 1921
3. "Tam v Rossii. III. Sverzhenie bol'shevikov", Ibid., Jan. 23, 1921
4. "Tam v Rossii. IV. Interventsiia, " Ibid., Jan. 30, 1921
5. "Tam v Rossii. V. Fevral'", Ibid., Feb. 16, 1921
6. "Zdes' v Evrope. D'iavol'skaia triada, " Ibid, March 20, 1921
7. "Tam i zdes'", Ibid., April 4, 1921
8. "Antisemitizm", Ibid., July 23, 1921
9. "Kubok smerti", Ibid., July 27, 1921
10. "Edinyi pogromshchik", Ibid., July 27, 1921
11. "Dina", Ibid., Aug.12, 1921
12. "Zhirnye kuski", Ibid., Aug. 28, 1921
13. "Tolpa Miliukova", Ibid., Aug. 30, 1921
14. "Ili-Ili", Ibid., Sept. 30, 1921
15. "Opiat' o nei", Ibid., Nov. 19, 1921
16. "My bol'ny", Ibid., Dec.17, 1921
17 "O vernosti", Ibid., Jan. 1, 1922
18 "Chashka chaiu", Ibid., Jan. 26, 1922
19. "Gde revoliutsiia? Zapiski poeta", Ibid., Feb. 12, 1922
20. "Iz Peterburga pisali. 8 otryvkov", Ibid., Sept. 1, 1922
21 "Voprosy iz publiki", Rul', Sept. 10, 1922
22. "Chto dumaiut v Rossii", Poslednie novosti, May 5, 1923
23. "Religiia i apolitizm", Ibid., March 19, 1924
24 "Lilovaia tetrad'", Svoboda, Nov. 27, 1924
25. "Lilovaia tetrad'. Konets", Za svobodu, Nov., 1924
26 "Chrevo", Za svobodu, Feb. 12, 1925
27 "Nashe ubozhestvo", Svoboda, Apr. 7, 1925
28. "Obshcheizvestnoe", Poslednie novosti, Apr. 8, 1925
29 "Po Artsybashevu", Za svobodu, Apr. 25, 1925
30. "Mertvyi mladenets v rukakh", Poslednie novosti, Feb. 18, 1926
31. "Tochka", Ibid., March 7, 1926
32. "Predosterezhenie",Ibid., Feb. 25, 1926
Articles and essays (unbound), Newspaper clippings
"Chortov most" ( Devil's Bridge), Russkaia mysl' (published by Zlobin), March 28, 1957
"Dve damy" (Two Ladies), Poslednie novosti, , undated
"Ego svoboda" (His Freedom), Segodnia, July 21, 1938
"Ego vcherashnie slova" (His Yesterday's Words), Zveno, Oct. 31, 1926
"Katkelmia" (Fragments), about F. Sologub, Vainamoinen, No. 5., 1926
"Lik chelovecheskii i lik vremeni" (Human Face and the Face of Time) Zveno, July 25, 1926
"Literaturnaia zapis'. O molodykh i srednikh" [signed as A. Krainii], undated
"Liubov' ne pomogaet" (Love Does Not Help), Segodnia, August 7, 1938
"Malen'kii Anin domik" (Ania's Little House), an essay on Anna Vyrubova, undated. Later published in Zhivye litsa (Living Faces), Prague, 1925
"Mon Ami Lunaire", an essay on Aleksander Blok, Mercure de France,15. 1. 1923. In Russian was published in Zhivye litsa (Living Faces), Prague, 1925
"O Sologube" (About Sologub), Zveno, April 14, 1924
"Souffrance" (Suffering), Mercure de France, 1. 4. 1933; "Svet chelovecheskii" (Human Light), Slovo, Oct. 2, 1922
"V nashem parizhskom uglu" (In Our Paris Corner), Segodnia , Feb. 28, 1938
Poetry
"Étoile", "Veer vremeni", "Sbudetsia" Sovremennye zapiski, XX, 1924.
"Laska j est jedina", 1912
"Neznama", 1915
"Vezte", 1918 Zenský svet, in Czech, April 1, 1928 .
"Liagushka", "Otrazhennost'", "Podozhdi", "Troinoe" (Sovreme nnye zapiski, XXXI , 1927)
"Lik", "Kliuch", "Therese de l' Enfant Jesus", "Dve sestry", "Nastavlenie", (Sovremennyezapiski, XXIII , 1925)
"Mera", "La Groisette", "Vniz", "Vverkh", ( Chisla, no. 1), 1930
"On -- bez plashcha", "Pamiat'" (Vozrozhdenie, Nov. 9, 1928);
"Rozhdenie" (Obshee delo, undated)
"Ryzhee kruzhevo", 1922,
"Prorezy" (source unkown), 1918
"Tri Syna --tri serdtsa" (Segodnia, April, 1924)
"Vernost'", "Iuzhnye stikhi", (Sovremennye zapiski, XXIII, 1925)
"Zerkala povsiudu", "Domoi", "Programma" , undated.
Kak my voinam pisali i chto oni nam otvechali. Sostavleno Z. Gippius (How We Wrote to the Soldiers and What They Answered Us. Compiled by Z. Hippius), On microfilm. Moscow, 1915
Prose
Alyi mech (Red Sword), short stories, St. Petersburg, 1906    The book contains handwritten notes on the margins.
Tret''ia kniga rasskazov (The Third Collection of Short Stories), Pages 263- 466. St. Petersburg, 1902    Page 329 contains handwritten insertion.
Newspaper clippings about Hippius
Krechetov, Sergei. "Oktiabr'skoe vesel'e (o stikhah Gippius)" (Joy of October. On Hippius' Poetry) , October 27, 1919
Pil'skii, Petr. "'Siianiia.'. Knizhka stikhov Z. Gippius" (Radiance. Poetic collection by Z. Hippius), Segodnia, no. 209, 1938
Teffi, Nadezhda. "Zinaida Hippius", Novoe Russkoe Slovo, March 12, 1950
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7 Manuscripts(unbound):
Articles and essays
"Kommuno-Bolshevizm, ego protivniki i diktatura" (Commune-Bolshevism, its enemies and dictatorship) typewritten copy, 1-20 pp. , undated
[Materials for "Soiuz Neprimirimykh" (Union of Irreconcilability)], 9 items + 3 notebooks, 1921    Soiuz Neprimirimykh (The Union of Irreconcilability) was a religious-political organization, which aimed at effective resistance to the influence of Bolshevism. It was organized by Hippius in 1921, and included (besides the Merezhkovskiis) N. V. Chaikovskii, I.P. Demidov, A.V. Kartashev, and N.V. Vakar. Hippius also prepared the text of their profession de foi.
"Soiuz ili krug neprimirimykh (Istoriia i tsel' kruga)" (Union or Circle of Irreconcilability, Its History and Aims), 1 handwritten copy and 1 typewritten copy, 1-2 pp
draft of the Rules of the Union; draft of the Vow, handwritten copy, 1- 4 pp.
"Osnovy obnovlennogo christianstva" (Foundations of the Renovated Christianity ), a synopsis, 1- 2 pp.    early draft of this synopsis, 1 handwritten and 1 typewritten copies, 1-2 pp.
"Ligue Universalle de Renaissance religieuse et Sociale", in French, 1-4 pp.   untitled prose fragment, typewritten
2 notebooks with notes on the Union of Irreconcilables, 1 notebook with notes on "Soius Fevralistov" (Union of the Fevralists), unfinished draft of the obituary for V.D. Nabokov.
"Neprimirimost' i dopolnenie" (Irreconcilability and Addition), typewritten copy, 1-13 pp. + 1- 9 pp. , undated
"Pol'sha1920" (Poland, 1920), typewritten copy, 1-8 pp. Hippius' memoirs on their stay in Poland in 1920, on Savinkov and Filosofov , undated
[Preface to the French edition of "Tsarstvo Antichrista" (1921)], handwritten copy, 1-23 pp. , undated
"V Iasnuiu Poliany." About the Merezhkovskiis' visit to Lev Tolstoi, typewritten copy, 1-6 pp , 1904
"Zhenshchiny i zhenskoe" (Women and Feminine), typewritten copy, 1-9 pp. , undated    Published by Temira Pachmuss in Melbourne Slavonic Studies, 1971, no. 5-6.
Poetry
Poems in Russian, handwritten copies of 13 poems , undated   "Pamiat'", "Kotionok", "Zviozdoubiitsa", "Prosti mne...", "Liubov' ukhodit nezametno", "Vernost'", "Drugoi", "V kom mal'chik ili devochka zhivy", " Ty ne liubish' ovets pokornykh", "V chasy nochnye vsio vozmozhno", "Tereze", "Proklinaiu zemliu etu..."
Poems in French translations, photocopy of the typewritten manuscript, 22 pp.    "Le Bonheur", "Les Mots d' Amour", "À Pond", "Le Passant", "Dans La Poussière", "O' est Effrayant", "Comme Lui", "Peut Être", "L'électricité", "L'éternel Féminin", "Christ est Ressuscité", "Le Triple abîme", "Éternité Tremissante", "La Mémoire Éternelle", "Nous", "L'unique Amour", "La Grenouille", "Les Complices", 'La Prierè pour Le Diable", "L'amour Unique", "Eux", "La Rosée", "Le Jeu", "Trois Rencontres I", "Trois Rencontres II", "Trois Rencontres III."
Prose and Drama
"Dmitrii Merezhkovskii. Ego zhizn', ego rabota" (Dmitrii Merezhkovskii. His Life, His Work), typewritten copy, 1-138 pp., 1943-1945    A draft of the unfinished work Dmitrii Merezhkovskii, published posthumously in 1951 (Paris: YMCA-Press.
"La Cercle Vert", typewritten copy, 1-117 pp.    French translation of Hippius' play "Zelenoe kol'tso" (The Green Ring, 1914). Transl. by Armand Fournier.
"Oni pokhozhi" (They Look Alike), typewritten copy of a short story, 1-10 pp. , undated
A play in French, 1-7 pp., 1906
Notebooks
"David", a short story, undated; "O Russkoi emigratsii" (About Russian Emigration), an unfinished article, undated; a draft of the poem "Ty oglianulas'...", undated ; "Mademouselle", a prose fragment in French -- 1 notebook , undated
"Katrin", a short story (in Russian) -- 1 notebook , undated
Materials for the article about the neo-Catholic movement in France--1 notebook.
"Na beregu Ionicheskogo moria" (On the Shore of the Ionic Sea), a short story, undated; "Tragediia tselomudriia i sladostrastiia", (The Tragedy of Innocence and Sensuality), undated; a review on classical tragedies, staged in Moscow and Petersburg theaters -- 1 notebook
"Péle-méle, " a draft of the article on religious disagreement with some writers of the Russian emigration, -- 1 notebook.
"Sovetskii batiushka. Iz rasskazov o nastoiashchikh liudiakh. A. Vvedenskii", (The Soviet Father. From the Stories About Strong People. A. Vvedenskii); drafts of the poems, undated; a letter to the unknown person (in French), -- 1 notebook , undated
"Tsaritsa mira" (The Queen of the World"), chapters V-IX from the unfinished adventure story -- 2 notebooks, 1916
Box
8 "Zolotye sny" (Golden Dreams), an article, signed as D. Merezhkovskii; "Pochemu nam skuchno" (Why We Are Bored), a presentation at the meeting of "Zelenaia lampa"; "Nevidimyi lutch ili voplochennyi Budda" (Invisible Ray or Incarnated Buddha), a movie script -- 1 notebook , undated
3 small notebooks with notes and addresses.
Correspondence
Personal correspondence
Adamovich, Georgii, 2 items, including a photocopy of Hippius's letter to Adamovich and a typewritten copy of the same letter.
Georgii Viktorovich Adamovich (1884-1972)   a critic and a poet. He left Soviet Russia in 1922 and settled in Paris. He was an active contributor to various émigré periodicals, and was considered one of the major Russian literary critics abroad. He published several books of poetry, among them Oblaka (Clouds), 1916, Chistilishche (Purgatory), 1922, Na Zapade, (In the West), 1947, and two books of critical articles and essays Odinochestvo i svoboda (Solitude and Freedom), 1955, and Kommentarii, 1967.
Artsybashev, Mikhail, 2 letters to Hippius concerning personal and political matters (photocopies), 1924
Mikhail Petrovich Artsybashev (1878-1927)    A prose writer and author of the novel "U poslednei cherty" (1912). In 1923 he left Soviet Russia and settled in Warsaw, actively contributing to the anti-Bolshevist newspaper Za svobodu, edited by D. Filosofov.
Bunin, Ivan. 46 items, Z. Hippius' letters, postcards, and notes to Bunin, concerning domestic affairs, literary matters, Russian émigré literary life, mutual friends and acquaintances, 1921-1933   Published by T. Pachmuss in Cahiers du mond russe et soviétique, 1981, no. 4.
Ivan Alekseevich Bunin (1870-1953)    Began his literary career in 1888, and soon achieved a reputation of the major Russian prose writer. In 1920 he left Soviet Russia and settled in France. In the emigration Bunin wrote some of his most important works, such as his fictionalized autobiography "Zhizn' Arseneva" (The Life of Arseniev). He was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1933.
Bunina, Vera. 36 items, Z. Hippius' letters and postcards to Bunina, concerning domestic affairs, Russian émigré literary life, mutual friends and acquaintances, 1924-1944
Vera Nikolaevna Bunina, nee Muromtseva (1881-1961)   The second wife of I. A. Bunin, the author of the book Zhizn' Bunina: 1870-1906 (Life of Bunin: 1870-1906), Paris, 1959
Filosofov, Dmitrii: 2 letters from Z. Hippius to Filosofov, the first of Nov. 261904 and the second of Sept. 13, 1905, concerning personal matters , 1905 and 1906   Handwritten copies, made by Zlobin, who also indicated that the originals of these letters were sold to Mikhailov undated.
Dmitrii Vladimirovich Filosofov (1872-1940)   Was a journalist and critic for the famous symbolist periodical Mir iskusstva (The World of Art, 1899 -1904). He became an intimate friend of the Merezhkovskiis', who contributed regularly to Mir iskusstva, and a member of Hippius' religious group. In 1919 he escaped Soviet Russia together with Merezhkovskii, Hippius, and Zlobin, but settled in Warsaw. He was an editor of the Russian newspaper in Warsaw Svoboda (Freedom).
Kartashev, Anton. 28 items. Letters to Hippius and Merezhkovskii, concerning religious and literary matters, as well as his relationship with Hippius' younger sister Tatiana, whom he wished to marry, 1906-1908    Published by T. Pachmuss in Intellect and Ideas in Action. Selected Correspondence of Zinaida Hippius, Munich, 1972, pp.649-705.
Anton Vladimirovich Kartashev (1975-1960)    Graduated from the Theological Academy in St. Petersburg. He worked in the public library in St. Peterburg and gave lectures at the Women's University (1906-1918) on the history of religion. He was President of the Religious Philosophical Society in St. Peterburg in 1909, the last Procurator of the Holy Synod and first minister of Religion in the Provisional Government. After his emigration, he became a professor at the Theological Academy in Paris. He was the author of many books dealing with the history of religion.
Khodasevich, Vladislav: A list of letters from Hippius to Khodasevich and from Khodasevich to Hippius, typewritten copy.    Hippius' letters to Khodasevich were published in Pis'ma k Berberovoi i Khodasevichu, Erika Freiberger Sheikholeslami, ed., Ann Arbor, 1978.
Lopatina, Ekaterina. 40 items including Z. Hippius' letters and postcards to Lopatina (39), concerning domestic affairs, religion, Russian emigre literary life, and mutual friends, 1924-1942.   Two of these letters do not have the last page(s), one letter does not have the first page(s). 1 letter was not from Z. Hippius, but probably from Anna Hippius. (Hippius' letters to Lopatina i Eremeeva were published by Temira Pachmuss in "Iz archiva Zinaidy Nikolaevny Gippius: Pis'ma k Lopatinoi i Eremeevoi", Vestnik russkogo khristianskogo dvizheniia, 1980, No. 132, 133.)
Ekaterina Mikhailovna Lopatina, (1865-1935)    Pseudonym K. El'tsova, close friend of Lev Tolstoi and Ivan Bunin. She authored a novel "V chuzhom gnezde" (In a Strange Nest). In France, where Lopatina lived after her emigration from Soviet Russia, she established a sanatorium for sick children which she and O. Eremeeva ran at their own expense. In emigration Lopatina became a nun and was very active in Russian Church in Paris.
Merezhkovskii, Dmitrii: A letter to a close female relative or friend, undated
Postcard from Hippius to Viktor Mamchenko, 2 notes to Zlobin, and a photocopy of a letter to an unknown person
Business correspondence
Albin Michel, Publisher (Paris): An agreement on publishing Hippius' works , undated
Balzac, Publishing House (Paris): 5 items , 1942-1944
1 letter to Hippius, 1942
1 agreement on publishing Hippius' work about Merezhkovski, 1943
1 agreement on publishing Hippius' "Diaries", 1943
2 agreements on publishing Merezhkovskii's works , 1944
Calmann-Levi, Publishing House (Paris): 3 items, including 1 agreement on publishing Hippius' work "Zhivye litsa", and 2 agreements on publishing Merezhkovskii's works, 1942
Gustav Altenburg Verlag (Leipzig). 4 items, including 2 letters to Hippius, concerning publication of Merezhkovskii's works, and 2 financial statements, 1942-1945
Librarie de Artizan, Publishing House: a financial statement , undated.
Mercure de France. 2 items including 1 letter about publication of Merezhkovskii's works and a financial statement, 1943
Molva (Warsaw). 1 item. A letter to Hippius with the suggestion to join the editorial committee, 1932
Popova, Bozhena (Mukachevo). 5 letters concerning translations of Hippius' works into Czech, 1929
Slowo, Publishing House (Berlin). 1 letter to Hippius , undated.
Vlacena, Karel (Prague). 1 letter to Hippius, 1929
La Societe Privee (Paris): 2 agreements on publishing Merezhkovskii's works, 1945
Miscellaneous
Hippius' - Merezhkovskii's Marriage Certificate (in French), replacement of the lost one, 1924
Hippius' poems about Russia and the revolution, handwritten copy made by Zlobin.
Memorabilia, 10 items, including photographs of the dog, postcards, invitation to the gathering dedicated to the memory of Zinaida Hippius, 1950
Notebook with prayers, 1 item , undated
Novyi put', 1903-1904    Novyi put' (The New Path), 1903-1905, was a literary journal initiated by Hippius. It printed the works of symbolist writers and published the reports of the Religious - Philosophical Society of St. Petersburg, founded by Hippius, Merezhkovskii, and Filosofov.). Issues include:
Box
9 Dec. 1903. (With Hippius' handwritten note on the cover)
Aug. 1904.
Sept. 1904.
Oct. 1904.
Nov. 1904.
Dec. 1904.
V. Zenzinov. Besprizornye (Deserted), Paris, 1929   With the inscription: "Dorogoi Zinaide Nikolaevne knigu o molodezhi ne iz "Zelenogo kol'tsa".
S serdechnym privetom. V. Zenzinov. 23 iunia 1933 Parizh."   Vladimir Mikhailovich Zenzinov (1888-1953), a wealthy philanthropist who gave money for Bolshevik Revolution, but emigrated afterwards, settling first in Paris (1919-1939) and then in New York (1940-1953). He was the author of many books, including Iz zhizni revolutsionera, Paris, 1919, Zheleznyiskelet, Paris, 1927, Perezhitoe, New York, 1953).
Duplicates



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